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What is environmental chamber?

The environmental chamber also called climatic chamber or climate chamber is an enclosure used to test the effects of specified environmental conditions on biological items, industrial products, materials, electronic devices, and components.
Such as chamber can be used:

  • as a stand-alone test for environmental effects on test specimens
  • as preparation of test specimens for further physical tests or chemical tests
  • as environmental conditions for conducting testing of specimens
An environmental test chamber artificially replicates conditions which machinery, materials, devices or components might be exposed to. It is also used to accelerate the effects of exposure to the environment, sometimes at conditions not actually expected.
Chamber testing involves testing and exposing products to various environmental conditions in a controlled setting. Climatic Chamber testing and Thermal Shock testing are part of chamber testing. Climatic Chamber testing is a broad term used to describe different ways of simulating climate or excessive ambient conditions exposure for a product or a material under laboratory controlled yet accelerated conditions. On the other hand, Thermal Shock testing is used to simulate how materials will react when exposed to changes in extreme climatic conditions, such as going from extremely cold to extremely hot conditions in a very short period of time (usually only a few seconds).
These conditions may include:

  • Extreme temperatures
  • Sudden and extreme temperature variations - thermal shock Altitude
  • Moisture or relative humidity
  • Electrodynamic vibrations
  • Electromagnetic radiation
  • Cyclic corrosion testing
  • Salt spray
  • Rain
  • Weathering
  • Exposure to sun, causing UV degradation
  • Vacuum